One of Dublin’s oldest charities, established in 1818, Captain Seam Heuston of Commandant Daly’s 1st Battalion was deployed here — operating under orders from James Connolly — about a half-mile to the west of the Four Courts on the south side of the Liﬀey at Usher’s Island. His task was to control the route between the nearby Royal Barracks (now the National Museum of Ireland at Collins Barracks) and the Four Courts.
Upon taking the building, Heuston expelled the down-and-outs occupying it. Despite just being required to hold the position for a couple of hours, allowing other Volunteers to ‘settle in’ to their positions nearby, Heuston’s force of just 13 kept it until Wednesday when they were surrounded and Heuston surrendered to save lives.
The Mendicity was destroyed but rebuilt again as a homeless shelter.